What is a French Drain?

What is a French Drain

A French drain, also known as a sub-surface drain, is a trench filled with gravel or rock that is installed underground to redirect surface water away from a specific area. The trench is typically lined with a permeable material, such as landscaping/weed control fabric, to prevent soil from clogging the drain.

French drains are commonly used to address a variety of drainage problems, including:

  1. Basement water seepage: If water is entering your basement through the walls or floor, a French drain can be installed around the perimeter of the foundation to redirect water away from the house.
  2. Surface water runoff: If water is pooling in your garden or driveway, a French drain can be installed to redirect the water to a safe area such as a dry well, drainage ditch, or sewer.
  3. Poor soil drainage: If your soil does not drain well and remains wet or marshy, a French drain can be installed to improve soil drainage.
  4. Flooding : If your area is prone to flooding, French drains can be installed to channel the water away from buildings and homes.

When installing a French drain, the first step is to identify the location of the problem and the direction of water flow. The trench is then dug, typically to a depth of about 2-4 feet, and lined with landscape fabric. The trench is then filled with gravel or rock, and a perforated pipe is placed on top. The pipe is typically sloped at a 1% grade to ensure proper water flow.

Once the French drain is installed, it is important to maintain it by keeping the trench free of debris and making sure the gravel or rock is not compacted. If the French drain becomes clogged, it can be cleared by flushing it with a hose or using a plumber’s snake.

French drains are a relatively simple and effective solution for addressing a variety of drainage problems. They can be installed by a professional contractor or a homeowner with the proper tools and experience. It’s important to consult a professional, before installing a French drain, to ensure that it is installed properly and meets local building regulations.

When it comes to choosing a company for your French drain installation, Flo-Well Plumbing & Drainage is an excellent choice. We have a team of experienced and skilled professionals who are experts in French drain installation, and use high-quality materials and the latest techniques to ensure that your French drain is installed correctly and meets all local building regulations.

Additionally, we offer a wide range of services to meet all your drainage needs, including regular maintenance and emergency repairs. With exceptional customer service, high-quality workmanship and competitive prices, Flo-Well Plumbing & Drainage is the best choice for your French drain installation needs.